TeRABIT, the data highway for Italian scientific research

By 2025, a cutting-edge interconnection network to make the exchange of Big Data between scientific communities more efficient and faster

TeRABIT: the launch of the project in Cagliari on 13 and 14 March 2023
The TeRABIT project was launched in Cagliari on 13 and 14 March 2023, which will create a true latest generation digital highway for science in Italy over the next three years

The TeRABIT project was launched in Cagliari on 13 and 14 March, which will create a real transformation over the next three years. digital highway of the latest generation, and more and more operational details of it are starting to emerge, which are also very interesting.
It will deal with high performance computing, complex numerical simulations, Artificial intelligence, machine learning and digital twins, which are just some of the IT tools that are increasingly essential to modern scientific research.

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TeRABIT: the logotype or logo of the project
The TeRABIT logo

Why a new interconnection network extended to multiple national entities

In recent decades, the data production scientific knowledge has increased exponentially thanks to the availability of advanced instrumentation and the diffusion of observation, analysis and simulation techniques capable of obtaining levels of detail never achieved before.
This is an unprecedented amount of information, which scientific communities must select, archive, share, process, interpret and use.
To be able to carry out all these operations, a super-powerful network and services are essential high performance computing.

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TeRABIT: Mauro Campanella of the GARR Consortium
Mauro Campanella of the GARR Consortium will be the scientific coordinator of the TeRABIT project, whose reference body for the management of Big Data will be the National Institute of Nuclear Physics

1000 billion bits per second on latest generation dedicated optical fiber

The project intends to create a integrated computing network high performance, making it accessible to scientific communities on all the National territory.
This aims to eliminate differences in the ability to access high performance computing and increase the possibilities for all Italian researchers to collaborate and compete at the highest levels in Europe and in the world, regardless of geographic location.
The infrastructure based on the latest generation dedicated fiber optics, highly reliable and connected with the entire national territory and the rest of the world, will in fact allow data to be exchanged at the speed of TeRABIT (1000 billion bits) per second.
“It is a great honor to be able to make, with this project, such a significant contribution to the Italian research system, with the high-performance computing and network infrastructures that we will create with the best technologies existing today”Said Mauro Campanella, scientific coordinator of TeRABIT.
“Our country will be able to play a decisive role on a global level and our researchers will be able to have access to extraordinarily powerful data analysis services”.

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TeRABIT: the Frascati National Laboratories of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics
The Frascati National Laboratories of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics, intended for particle research, were founded in 1954 for the first Italian accelerator, the 1.1 GeV electrosynchrotron

Forty-one million euros to INFN, OGS, the GARR Consortium and CINECA

Managed byNational Institute of Nuclear Physics, From 'National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics, from Consortium GARR and from CINECA as well as financed with 41 million euros by the PNRR as part of the "Education and Research" Mission coordinated by Ministry of University and Research, TeRABIT will integrate and enhance three large strategic research infrastructures.
In fact, it will act as a collector of GARR-T, PRACE-Italy and HPC-BD-AI, offering a cutting-edge infrastructure to all researchers across the national territory, in close collaboration with the National Research Center in High Performance Computing, Big Data and Quantum Computing ICSC of Bologna.

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TeRABIT: David Vannozzi is the General Director of CINECA
David Vannozzi, General Director of CINECA, at the inauguration ceremony of Leonardo HPC at the new Tecnopolo in Bologna, which will be the main supercomputer of the TeRABIT network

Three infrastructures to best integrate: GARR-T, PRACE-Italy and HPC-BD-AI

The three research infrastructures that TeRABIT will integrate and enhance are part of the national strategic infrastructures identified by the MUR in the National Research Infrastructure Plan (PNIR). They are worth listing
GARR-T it is the network infrastructure that supports theeducation and Research in Italy. The infrastructure will be enhanced with connections at capacities up to TeRABIT per second, reaching geographical areas complementary to those already covered through other interventions, reducing the digital divide for the research community. The leader of the infrastructure is the GARR Consortium, represented in this project by the INFN.
PRACE-Italy is a high performance computing (HPC) infrastructure, namely the Italian node of the European PRACE infrastructure, which will upgrade its Tier-1 category HPC system, developing a hybrid architecture and connecting it to the other EuroHPC Exascale centres, as the Leonardo supercomputer of CINECA in Bologna, part of ICSC. The lead partner is OGS and CINECA hosts thecomputing infrastructure and cooperates in its management.
HPC-BD-AI it is a computing infrastructure distributed across multiple sites across the country capable of managing resources high performance computing, big data and Artificial Intelligence applications, and will create smaller HPC systems, available according to the edge-computing paradigm.
The leader is the INFN. that is, the National Institute of Nuclear Physics.
Le technologies for access, use and associated services of the TeRABIT integrated system will be developed in close collaboration with the ICSC National Center, to which TeRABIT is complementary.

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TeRABIT: the term “Big Data” indicates a collection of data that is extensive in terms of volume, speed and variety
The term “Big Data” indicates a collection of data so extensive in terms of volume, velocity and variety that it requires specific technologies and analytical methods for the extraction of value or knowledge.

A "widespread" event between the INFN Section of Cagliari and the headquarters of "L'Unione Sarda"

The TeRABIT launch event was divided into two days of work, the first of which was hosted by INFN Section of Cagliari and restricted to scientific community of the project, represented a moment of discussion on the organisation, procedures and actions to be implemented to achieve the specific objectives of the project.
The second day, however, was hosted in the "Sala Giorgio Pisano" of the headquarters of the daily newspaper "The Unione Sarda” and open to the public, it was an opportunity to present the project to the many representatives present of both scientific world, and the institutional one.
The event also offered the opportunity to discuss how the interventions of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan can be a driving force for the development ofknowledge ecosystem in Sardinia.

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Double superfast link to push the Einstein Telescope to SOS Enattos

In particular, TeRABIT will create an optical fiber extension in Sardinia research network of the island and, for the first time, a double super-fast fiber optic connection created with submarine cables which will ensure not only the rapid data transmission, but also redundancy and reliability of the system, in favor of the whole scientific community of the island.
The infrastructure created by TeRABIT will also be functional to support Sardinia's candidacy to host theEinstein Telescope, the European project for a third generation interferometer for the detection of gravitational waves.
This big research infrastructure international will produce large amounts of data that will need to be shared with one scientific community distributed across the entire planet and the ultra-fast interconnection of the SOS Enattos site in Lula, a municipality of approximately 1.250 inhabitants in the Italian province of Nuoro, a candidate to host it, represents a crucial element.

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Maurizio Tira, President of GARR, at the launch event of the TeRABIT project

Claudia Battista, Director of GARR, at the launch event of the TeRABIT project

Mauro Campanella of GARR at the launch event of the TeRABIT project

In Sardinia a mine of gravitational waves thanks to the Einstein Telescope of SOS Enattos

The President of the Italian Republic Sergio Mattarella inaugurated the Leonardo supercomputer

The presentation of the Big Data Technopole of Bologna by Stefano Accorsi

Anthology created by CINECA of the possible uses of the Leonardo supercomputer

The timelapse video of the Leonardo supercomputer installation at the Bologna Technopole

Artificial Intelligence Strategic Program 2022-2024 (Italy)

Strategic Program on Artificial Intelligence 2022-2024 (Italy)

TeRABIT: the logotype or logo of the project
The TeRABIT logo